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DOMAIN NAME

is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules and procedures of the Domain Name System Any name registered in the is a domain name. Domain names are used in various networking contexts and for application-specific naming and addressing purposes. In general, a domain name represents an Internet Protocol (IP) resource, such as a personal computer used to access the Internet, a server computer

DOMAIN NAME are organized in subordinate levels of the DNS root domain, which is nameless. The first-level set of domain names are the top-level domains , including the generic top-level domains  such as the prominent domains com, info, net, edu, and org, and the country code top-level domains. Below these top-level domains in the  hierarchy are the second-level and third-level domain names that are typically open for reservation by end-users who wish to connect local area networks to the Internet, create other publicly accessible Internet resources or run web sites.

Purpose
DOMAIN NAME serve to identify Internet resources, such as computers, networks, and services, with a text-based label that is easier to memorize than the numerical addresses used in the Internet protocols. A DOMAIN NAME may represent entire collections of such resources or individual instances. Individual Internet host computers use DOMAIN NAME as host identifiers, also called host names. The term host name is also used for the leaf labels in the domain name system, usually without further subordinate domain name space. Host
An important function of domain names is to provide easily recognizable and memori zable names to numerically addressed Internet resources. This abstraction allows any resource to be moved to a different physical location in the address topology of the network, globally or locally in an intranet. Such a move usually requires changing the IP address of a resource and the corresponding translation of this IP address to and from its domain name.

DOMAIN NAME are used to establish a unique identity. Organizations can choose a domain name that corresponds to their name, helping Internet users to reach them easily.
A generic domain is a name that defines a general category, rather than a specific or personal instance, for example, the name of an industry, rather than a company name. Some examples of generic names are books.com, music.com, and travel.info. Companies have created brands based on generic names, and such generic domain names may be valuable [3]

History
The practice of using a simple memorable abstraction of a host’s numerical address on a computer network dates back to the ARPANET era, before the advent of today’s commercial Internet. In the early network, each computer on the network retrieved the hosts file  from a computer at SRI (now SRI International),[4][5] which mapped computer host names to numerical addresses. The rapid growth of the network made it impossible to maintain a centrally organized hostname registry and in 1983 the Domain Name System was introduced on the ARPANET and published by the Internet
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Top-level domains
The top-level domains (TLDs) such as com, net and org are the highest level of domain names of the Internet. Top-level domains form the DNS root zone of the hierarchical Domain Name System. Every domain name ends with a top-level domain label.

When the Domain Name System was devised in the , the domain name space was divided into two main groups of domains.[7] The country code top-level domains (ccTLD) were primarily based on the two-character territory codes of ISO-3166 country abbreviations. In addition, a group of seven generic top-level domains (gTLD) was implemented which represented a set of categories of names and multi-organizations.[8] These were the domains gov, edu, com, mil, org, net, and int.

Technical requirements and process
In the process of registering a domain name and maintaining authority over the new name space created, registrars use several key pieces of information connected with a domain:

Administrative contact. A registrant usually designates an administrative contact to manage the domain name. The administrative contact usually has the highest level of control over a domain. Management functions delegated to the administrative contacts may include management of all business information, such as name of record, postal address, and contact information of the official registrant of the domain and the obligation to conform to the requirements of the domain registry in order to retain the right to use a domain name. Furthermore, the administrative contact installs additional contact information for technical and billing functions
Business models
DOMAIN NAME are often seen in analogy to real estate in that domain names are foundations on which a website can be built, and the highest quality domain names, like sought-after real estate, tend to carry significant value, usually due to their online brand-building potential, use in advertising, search engine optimization, and many other criteria.

A few companies have offered low-cost, below-cost or even free domain registration with a variety of models adopted to recoup the costs to the provider. These usually require that domains be hosted on their website within a framework or portal that includes advertising wrapped around the domain holder’s content, revenue from which allows the provider to recoup the costs. Domain registrations were free of charge when the DNS

DOMAIN NAME confusion
Inter capping is often used to emphasize the meaning of a domain name. However, DNS names are not case-sensitive, and some names may be misinterpreted in certain uses of capitalization. For example: Who Represents, a database of artists and agents, chose who represents .com,[citation needed] which can be misread as whore presents. Similarly, a therapists’ network is named ther ap ist finder.com. In such situations, the proper meaning may be clarified by use of hyphens in the domain name. For instance, Experts Exchange, a programmers’ discussion site, for a long time used experts exchange.com, but ultimately changed the name to experts-exchange

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DEFINATION OF DOMAIN NAME

A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy,

authority or control within the Internet. Domain names are formed by the rules

and procedures of the Domain Name System. Any name registered in the DNS is a domain name

Purpose

Domain names serve to identify Internet resources, such as computers, networks, and services, with a text-based label that is easier to memorize than the numerical addresses used in the Internet protocols. A domain name may represent entire collections of such resources or individual instances. Individual Internet host computers use domain names as host identifiers, also called host names. The term host name is also used for the leaf labels in the domain name system, usually without further subordinate domain name space. Host names appear as a component in (URLs) for Internet resources such as

Domain names are also used as simple identification labels to indicate ownership

or control of a resource. Such examples are the realm identifiers used in the Session  e-mail systems, and in many other

An important function of domain names is to provide easily recognizable an

memorizable names to numerically  Internet resources.

This abstraction allows any resource to be moved to a different physical location in the address

topology of the network, globally or locally in an  Such a move usually requires changing the IP address of a resource

and the corresponding translation of this IP address to and from its domain name.

Domain names are used to establish a unique identity. Organizations can

choose a domain name that corresponds to their name, helping Internet users to reach them easily.

History

The practice of using a simple memorable abstraction of a host’s numerical address on a computer network dates back to the era, before the advent of today’s commercial Internet. In the early network, each computer on the network retrieved the hosts file (host.txt) from a computer at SRI (now] which mapped computer host names to numerical addresses.

The rapid growth of the network made it impossible to maintain a centrally organized hostname registry and in 1983 the Domain Name System was introduced on the ARPANET and published by theTask Forcehe highest level of domain names of the Internet. Top-level domains form theof the hierarchicaEvery domain name ends with a top-level domain label.

When the Domain Name System was devised in the 1980s, the domain name space was divided into two main groups of domains.[7] The country code top-level domains (ccTLD) were primarily based on the two-character territory codes of ISO-3166 country abbreviations. In addition, a group of seven generic top-level domains (gTLD) was implemented which represented a set of categories of names and multi-organizations.[8] These were the domains goveducommilorgnet, and int.

During the growth of the Internet, it became desirable to create additional generic top-level domains. As of October 2009, 21 generic top-level domains and 250 two-letter country-code top-level domains existed.[9] In addition, the ARPA domain serves technical purposes in the infrastructure of the Domain Name System.

Business models

Domain names are often seen in analogy to real estate in that domain names are foundations on which a website can be built, and the highest quality domain names, like sought-after real estate, tend to carry significant value, usually due to their online brand-building potential, use in advertising, search engine optimization, and many other criteria.

 NEED OF DOMAIN  NAME

A few companies have offered low-cost, below-cost or even free domain registration with a variety of models adopted to recoup the costs to the provider. These usually require that domains be hosted on their website within a framework or portal that includes advertising wrapped around the domain holder’s content, revenue from which allows the provider to recoup the costs. Domain registrations were free of charge when the DNS was new. A domain holder may provide infinite number of subdomains in their domain. For example, the owner of example.org could provide subdomains such as foo.example.org and foo.bar.example.org to interested parties.

Many desirable domain names are already assigned and users must search for other acceptable names, using Web-based search features, or WHOIS and dig operating system tools. Many registrars have implemented domain name suggestion tools which search domain name databases and suggest available alternative domain names related to keywords provided by the user.

Use in web site hosting

The domain name is a component of aURL) used to access  for example:

  • Top-level domain: net
  • Second-level domain: example
  • Host name: www

A domain name may point to multipleto provide server redundancy for the services offered, a feature that is used to manage the traffic of large, popular web sites.

Web hosting services, on the other hand, run servers that are typically assigned only one or a few addresses while serving websites for many domains, a technique referred to as virtual web hosting. Such IP address overloading requires that each request identifies the domain name being referenced, for instance by using the HTTP request header field Host:, or Server Name Indication.

A domain name may point to multiple IP addresses to provide server redundancy for the services offered, a feature that is used to manage the traffic of large, popular web sites.

Web hosting services, on the other hand, run servers that are typically assigned only one or a few addresses while serving websites for many domains, a technique referred to as virtual web hosting. Such IP address overloading requires that each request identifies the domain name being referenced, for instance by using the HTTP request header field Host:, or Server Name Indication

Truth in Domain Names Act

In the United States, the Truth in Domain Names Act of 2003, in combination with the PROTECT Act of 2003, forbids the use of a misleading domain name with the intention of attracting Internet users into visiting Internet pornography sites.

The Truth in Domain Names Act follows the more general Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act passed in 1999 aimed at preventing typosquatting and deceptive use of names and trademarks in domain names.

1. Get everyone brainstorming domain name ideas

Don’t underestimate the power of a good old-fashioned brainstorm. If they can spare the time, get everyone in your business together in front of some whiteboards and scribble down all the domain name ideas you can think of.

Encourage your staff to think broadly and jot down anything that seems even remotely relevant. You never know where that killer idea will come from.

2. Think about your values and location

Your domain name ideas don’t have to contain your brand name. You can include your location, or things that are important to you as a business.

Is your company located in London? Does it serve customers in the south-east? Do you pride yourself on speed of service? Maybe your domain name should reflect these attributes.

3. Do some keyword research (but not too much)

Possessing keywords in your domain can still have a positive impact on your search rankings.

Keyword research can provide great domain name ideas. Google’s keyword research tool is a good place to start (although you will need an Adwords account). There are many free and paid-for tools you can use to find out which keywords your competitors

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To put it merely a Domain Name Registrar could be a service that helps you to register and buy Domain Names. Name registrars are authorized by ICANN (Internet Corporation for allotted Names and Numbers), that could be a non-profit WHO has been delegated the responsibility to manage the name System.
Without the name system all we might have is confusing and hard-to-remember information processing addresses, rather than the straightforward to use and keep in mind domain names we’ve nowadays.
For example, let’s say you’re coming up with on commercialism custom Google pel cases and you wish to make a website around that. You’d head over to a Domain Name Registrar and register the name “custompixelcases.com”. Of course, you may solely register this name if it’s still offered.
During this point you’d conjointly select the top-level-domain for your URL. This are the extensions like.com, .org, .co, .io, etc., that follows your custom name.
Most name registrars nowadays create it dead straightforward to get and renew your Domain Names, still you would like to settle on showing wisdom, as every register has their associated positives and negatives. Below we’ll show you what you would like to appear out for once selecting the correct name registrar for you.

3 however do i purchase Started Registering a Domain?
First begin by selecting that Domain Hosting website you’d wish to use. Our reviews highlight options and compare the most effective domain hosting services offered. when selecting a website host and name, begin by registering the domain or Domains Name of your selection. certify to see evaluation and whether or not or not the name is obtainable.
To develop the web site, you may ought to purchase net hosting to accompany the domain. you’ll select a similar company because the Domain host or choose another company. for instance, you’ll register a website with GoDaddy and host a web site on WordPress.On the opposite hand, some corporations could embrace a free domain if you buy their net hosting answer as a package.

How are Domains Mapped to Information Processing Addresses:-
Domain Name Servers exist not solely as a result of we have a tendency to choose to use human-readable names to access websites, however computers would like information processing addresses to access websites. however will the Domain Name Server translate name to information processing addresses? the method is termed DNS resolution and plays out over eight steps.

1.When you A Domain Name or full net address into your browser, www.netflix.com as an example, your browser sends a message to the network requesting facilitate. This exchange is often called a question.
2.Your pc contacts a machine called a algorithmic resolver to find the antecedently cached information processing address, or if it’s a first-time search, the machine ‘recursively’ searches for it.
3.If the algorithmic resolver fails to search out the address, they question the DNS root name servers for the Domains Information Processing Address.
4.The root name servers direct your ISP through the DNS hierarchy by referring your ISP algorithmic resolver to the required ranking name servers by scanning the ranking domain.
5.Each ranking domain within the Domain Name Server has its own set of name servers. Once the resolver has requested the information processing address from them, they’re referred on to a a lot of applicable DNS. At this time, the Domain Name Servers are reviewing the second level domain.
6.Your ISP queries the reffered Domain Name Server for the applicable information processing address. every domain has Associate in Nursing allotted set of Domain Name Server name servers answerable for holding the information processing address and every one over data regarding the domain.
7.Your ISP provider’s resolver retrieves the domains A record for Netflix.com from the authoritative name servers and stores it in its cache just in case of future queries by anyone else.
8.The last step sees your ISP’s algorithmic servers deliver the A record to your pc. Your pc currently reads the record holding all the knowledge concerning the domain and forwards the information processing address to your browser. Your browser can then open a association to World Wide Web.Netflix.com thus you’ll binge-watch your favorite program from the 90s. This whole eight-step method is complete inside a number of tenths of a second but totally different Domain Name Servers behave otherwise concerning speed and security.

How to select the correct Registrar:-
Today there are many name registrars to settle on from.
Once you’ve found the proper name for your wants you would like to require special care in getting it through the correct registrar. Below we have a tendency to highlight a number of factors you’ll need to contemplate throughout your search.

1. Domain Transfers
You probably won’t need to transfer your domain directly (if you’ve done your research), however it’s one thing that may arise within the future. Domain Transferring is that the method of moving your domain from one registrar to a different.
Make sure you check the transfer details in your policy. In most cases, you won’t be ready to transfer a website for sixty days following your registration. Some name registrars don’t yield transfers, or they’ll even charge you a fee.
On the opposite hand, some registrars yield simple transfer of your domain, all while not an extra charge.
2. Contract and Evaluation
This is in all probability your most immediate focus. once ransacking through varied name registrars you’ll bump into a spread of evaluation choices. For starters, you’ll typically register your domain for a amount of 1, three, five, or perhaps 10 years. In some cases you’ll hump even longer.
If this is often your 1st time registering {a domain|a we have a tendency tobsite|a site} then we typically advocate simply registering a Domain Name for a year. you’ll typically activate automatic renewal, thus your domain doesn’t expire, and this can provide you with the liberty to modify registrars if required.
Make sure you examine any associated prices in addressing domain transfers, value of renewal, and any further fees they could attach.
3. Client Support
You’ll need their support employees to air your aspect. You’d hate to be scrambling to urge involved with support once one thing goes wrong along with your website. you wish to create certain their support is responsive and useful well before you truly would like it.
When examining the various levels of support you’ll either browse reviews from past and current customers on-line, or place during a support request and see however quickly they handle your question.
4. Further Services
A lot of registrars can supply further net services well on the far side simply permitting you to register a website name. If you’re wanting to host your Domain Names, build your website out, and buy alternative certificates, then loads of name registrars will assist you try this yet.
So, if you’re searching for Associate in Nursing all-in-one name registrar and like to stay everything below one roof, then you’ll need to match the evaluation of those bundle services yet.
5. Drop Catching
Sometimes you may forget to renew your name, or your master card on file would possibly expire. This ends up in your domain expiring and it being opened for people to get. typically your domain will be purchased by another competition in your house, or it can be purchased utterly accidentally.

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If you’ve ever used the Internet, it’s a good bet that you’ve used the Domain Name System, or DNS, even without realizing it. DNS is a protocol within the set of standards for how computers exchange data on the Internet and on many private networks, known as the TCP/IP protocol suite. Its basic job is to turn a user-friendly domain name like “howstuffworks.com” into an Internet Protocol (IP) address like 70.42.251.42 that computers use to identify each other on the network. It’s like your computer’s GPS for the Internet.

Computers and other network devices on the Internet use an IP address to route your request to the site you’re trying to reach. This is similar to dialling a phone number to connect to the person you’re trying to call. Thanks to DNS, though, you don’t have to keep your own address book of IP addresses. Instead, you just connect through a domain name server, also called a DNS server or name server, which manages a massive database that maps domain names to IP addresses.

What is a Domain Name?

A Domain Name is your website name. A Domain Name is the address where Internet users can access your website. A Domain Name is used for finding and identifying computers on the Internet. Computers use IP addresses, which are a series of number. However, it is difficult for humans to remember strings of numbers. Because of this, Domain Names were developed and used to identify entities on the Internet rather than using IP addresses.

A Domain Name can be any combination of letters and numbers, and it can be used in combination of the various Domain Name extensions, such as .com, .net and more.The Domain Name must be registered before you can use it. Every Domain Name is unique. No two websites can have the same Domain Name. If someone types in www.yourdomain.com, it will go to your website and no one else’s.Domain Names are used to identify one or more IP addresses. For example, the Domain Name microsoft.com represents about a dozen IP addresses. Domain Names are used in URLs to identify particular Web pages.

What are the Advantages of it?

A hierarchical naming system for computer systems, services or for that matter any resource participating in the internet. Various information with domain names is assigned to each of the participants. DNS translates the names of domain into meaningful to humans into binary identifiers that are associated with the equipment of network to locate and address these devices.

Advantages

  1. More Reliable: Delivers messages to the users with zero downtime.
  2. Faster: DNS are connected well at intersections of internet. Any cast technology enables requests are answered to the next closest node in the case of maintenance or downtime.
  3. Smarter: Automatic corrections of typos.

Every Domain Name has a suffix that indicates which Top Level Domain (TLD) it belongs to. There are only a limited number of such Domains. For example:

gov – Government agencies

edu – Educational institutions

org – Organizations (non-profit)

mil – Military

com – commercial business

net – Network organizations

ca – Canada

th – Thailand

Because the Internet is based on IP addresses, not domain names, every Web server requires a Domain Name System (DNS) server to translate domain names into IP addresses.

10 Benefits of owning your own Domain Name

  1. Simplicity. A custom Domain such as “www.mybusiness.com” is easier to remember than a generic, cobranded Domain such as “www.google.your business.com’’.
  2. Relevance. As of July 2012, there are over 140 million active domains, and as of 2014 14.3 Trillion – websites, live on the Internet. The sooner you stake your claim, the more likely it will be that your address matches your business profile.
  3. SEO. Having your own Domain Name will increase your website’s positioning under search results on top search engines like Google, Yahoo and Bing.
  4. Permanence. Keep your domain name for as long as your business is online. No one else can use your domain as long as you pay the host that set it up.
  5. Credibility. Prospective customers will more readily transact with businesses with a professional, established online presence – made possible with a personalized domain.
  6. Locality. Google searches can be heavily influenced by a user’s geographical location, so if you appeal to regional customers, take advantage of country extensions on your e.g. “www.mybusiness.com.ca’’
  7. Correspondence. Once you acquire a domain, your email addresses will appear as “customer@mybusiness.com” for example. Like we mentioned in our last post, custom email address go a long way in maintaining professional communications with your customers.
  8. Save time and money. when your buyers want to reach out for you or when you need to contact someone. Also you can get a domain for a low cost, no worries. It is a smart move for your online future.
  9. Customized. domains will give you a truly online presence and it will establish your business as a brand.
  10. Ubiquity. You will have the opportunity to acquire multiple domains with different suffixes (i.e. .org, .net, .me, .co) and associate all of them with your biz.